10 Most Common Vegetables You Can Grow In Your Home Garden
Are you looking for a step by step guide on most common vegetables you can grow at home and how?
Here I listed down the most commonly vegetables that you can grow in your backyard garden or in your terrace.
It is better to build your own kitchen garden, if you are concerned about eating impure food with toxic additives, traces of fertilizers or artificial colors.
You can grow your favorite fruits and vegetables at home and enjoy fresh and organic food without any worry.
But you need to know which vegetables are the easiest to grow at home.
Here is a list of some of the commonly used vegetables in your cooking. And you don’t need any special gardening skills to grow them
But before that a quick introduction to set up your vegetable garden.
How To Set Up Your Garden?
Size – The first thing you need to do is decide how much space you need to plant in your garden. Depending on this space, figure out how many plants you need to plant.
Light – Vegetable gardens need a lot of sunlight. Generally speaking, the better the more sun. Don’t plant your garden too close to the trees or anything else that’s going to shade it too much.
Beds – Vegetables need to be well drained when they grow, so it’s a good idea to plant them in raised beds. You can make them out of blocks of cement or wood. If you don’t have these resources, you can plant raised mounds dirt.
There are so many varieties of tomatoes that you can choose from. It is a good idea to plant tomatoes when the soil is warm after danger of frost is over.
Put 12 inches apart if you plant dwarf plants in the row. If you plant staked plants, place them at 15 to 24 inches apart.
Tomatoes need plenty of water, especially during dry summers. Every couple of days, water them thoroughly. Container tomatoes may need daily watering.
When your tomatoes are firm and fully colored, they are ready to be harvested. Pick your tomatoes every day or two in hot summer weather. Tomatoes continue to ripen slowly over the next weeks.
A fine well prepared seed bed is needed for radishes. Animal manure or compost should be applied about 6 weeks before plantation should be a good idea.
This helps build up the water-holding capacity of the soil, and it balances the nutrient supply.
Plant small radishes 1-2 inches apart, with larger varieties 6 inches apart. You can grow a few rows of radishes in your bed as long as you keep your beds at least two feet apart.
Radishes need a consistent moisture content. If they dry up during their growth, they will become bitter.
Keep your radishes moist throughout the growing season. You can use straw mulch to help keep your soil moist.
Radish usually matures in 25 to 35 days for a short time, so if they’re left in the ground for too long, they’re going to be pithy and mealy.
It’s a good idea to watch them closely, and to pick a radish every so often to determine their maturity.
In well drained, sandy soil, carrots grow well. Make sure the soil is nice and loose down to 12 inches and doesn’t have any rocks and twigs.
Carrots don’t require much space. It all depends on how big the roots are at harvest time.
If you’re growing baby carrots, you can space them between 3⁄4 inches and 2 inches. For larger carrots, it’s right to dilute to a last distance of 4 inches.
Carrots require good moisture supply to establish themselves and to achieve good root growth. Every week during the growing season, carrots need at least 1 inch of water. Remember to soak the soil thoroughly when watering.
Carrots are very easy to harvest. Simply pull up the plant by the tops (the green leafy part). You can basically harvest them any time, depending on the size you want. For baby carrots, harvest them at 4 to 5 inches. For bigger carrots, harvest them at ¾ to 1 ½ inches.
4. Green Bean
Green beans are easy to grow and will thrive in nearly any soil. They need good drainage, though, or the seeds will rot.
Plant your beans 1 to 1 ½ inches deep, and 2 inches apart within rows. Space the rows about 24 to 36 inches.
If you want a lot of beans, plant beans every two weeks until a good month and a half before the first expected frost date.
Peas need plenty of moisture during germination. Water them deeply once a week, making sure the soil is well drained. Once your peas ave started to germinate, you don’t need to irrigate them as much.
Fresh beans are usually ready for harvest 8 to 10 days after flowering. They’re going to be pencil thin, and the beans are going to be bright green.
When bent, the bean pods will snap easily. Cut off the beans or pinch them instead of pulling them.
Pumpkins are sensitive to growth. Seeds need warm soil, and frost can really hurt the seedlings.
Pumpkins require a minimum of 50 to 100 square feet per hill. Plant seeds one inch deep, with four or five seeds per hill.
Allow 5 to 6 feet between hills, 10 to 15 feet apart in rows. Once they’ve bloomed, thin each hill to the best two or three plants.
Pumpkin plants must be kept free of weeds by hoeing and shallow cultivation. They’re doing fine with short periods of hot, dry weather.
When pumpkins are deep, solid orange, they are ready to be harvested. This will usually be in late September or early October, before heavy frosts.
Cut the pumpkins carefully, use pruning shears or a sharp knife, and leave 3 to 4 inches of the stem attached.
In temperatures between 17° C and 27° C, coriander crops thrive well. Coriander is better seeded in pots rather than cultivated and transplanted in seed trays.
When seeds are sown directly in pots, it is necessary to ensure proper spacing. Place your plants 3-4 centimeters away from one another for optimum growth.
Seeds work best for growing cilantro as they germinate in 7 to 10 days’ time.
Be sure not to overwater the plant to avoid root rot. Good soil drainage is essential for healthy root health.
You can start harvesting the leaves from the Coriander plant once they reach a height of about 3-6 inches, which is about 3-4 weeks after the seed has been sown.
But if you grow it from the sprouts, you can harvest the leaves within 18-20 days of planting it.
7. Green Pea
Peas is again one of every household’s most commonly used food.
Peas need soil rich in nutrients to produce a good crop. Early spring planting of peas does well in raised beds with good drainage.
Peas need to be planted from 1 to 1 1⁄2 inches apart in all directions. The rows should be between 12 and 18 inches apart.
If you plant a large bed of peas, you can plant them in a zig-zag pattern with 12 to 18 inches between the plants.
Peas need plenty of even moisture during the growing season. They like soil with good drainage, and if they stay too wet, they’re going to get root rot.
When their pods are plump but not bursting, peas are ready to be harvested. Harvest them every 2-4 days to encourage them to keep growing.
You should select “everbearers” strawberry plant as it can be harvested throughout the growing season
Plant your strawberries in the spring. Select plants with large crowns with healthy, light-colored roots. Prepare your soil with 1-2 inches of organic matter (like compost, or well-rotted manure).
Mix some organic compost with your soil which will provide nourishment to your strawberry plants. DO NOT burry them too deep. Make the center of the hole into a hill, and place the crown at soil level. Water your plants until you see a small pool of water begin to form on the surface of the soil.
For optimum production water your strawberries everyday especially in summer. Fruiting plants need more water to be able to produce plump and tasty fruit.
Pick your strawberries when they’re fully ripened. This means leaving the berries on the plant for a day or two after they are fully colored. To pick them, snap the stem directly above the berry, rather than pulling on the berry itself.
Plant your watermelon after the soil is warm and there is no risk of frost. Watermelons grow best on sandy soil, and it is important to plant them on raised mountains.
Watermelon vines need a lot of space. Plant seeds one inch deep in the hills, 6 feet apart. Make rows 7 to 10 feet apart. After the seedlings begin to sprout, it’s a good idea to thin them to about three plants per hill.
Watermelons have deep roots, so you rarely need to water them. In cooler areas, you can get floating row covers, drip irrigation and black plastic mulch to help produce a large crop in a short season.
Watermelons can be harvested when they are Light green, curly tendrils on the stem or the bottom turns a yellowish color.
Cucumbers are best grown in temperatures ranging from 15°-32° C. Protect Cucumbers from unforeseen frost or chilly nighttime temperatures early in the season. Cucumbers prefer a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8.
Plant cucumbers next to a fence in the sun. The fence will serve as a climbing aid and will act as a shelter. Sow cucumber seeds 1 inch deep.
Keep the soil evenly humid with regular watering. Don’t let the soil dry out. Too little water watering may cause cucumbers to become oddly shaped or bitter tastes.
Cucumbers will be ready to harvest 55 to 65 days from sowing. Cucumbers left on the vine for too long will have tough skins and lose their taste.
Use these tips to grow common vegetables at home.
Try growing at least one of the vegetable or fruit in your home garden. By doing this you can have all the health benefits and enjoy your free time nurturing your plants.